Legal Planning Meetings
SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER
This chapter explains the use of Legal Planning Meetings in the context of Care Proceedings.
Any decision to seek legal advice/involvement must be in line with Court Proceedings Procedure, Access to Legal Services and Costs within Proceedings.
- List of Documents Needed for Legal Planning Meeting (CSF0143)
- Legal Planning Meeting Referral Form (CSF0142)
- Request for a Legal Planning Meeting (CSF4141)
- Legal Planning Meeting Record (CS0256F3)
- Secure Accommodation Legal Planning Meeting Referral Form (CS0256F2)
- The Secure Accommodation Legal Planning Meeting Record (CSF0147)
Please read in conjunction with the Hertfordshire Procedural Guidance Document: Legal Planning Meetings – Guidance for Social Workers (July 2017)
In March 2018, this chapter was entirely revised and updated and should be re-read in full.
This chapter is currently under review.
1. When and How should a Legal Planning Meeting (LPM) be Considered
Legal Planning Meetings are generally in relation to initiating either:
- Care Proceedings;
- Secure Accommodation;
- Discharge of a Care Order/Discharge or Extension of a Supervision Order.
Legal Advice may also be required in relation to children subject to Section 20 (see procedure for these children at Section 3, Section 20 Arrangements) and in relation to Forced Marriage Orders.
Unless urgent protective measures are required to be taken, no child can be considered for care proceedings without a Legal Planning Meeting (LPM) being held (see Section 2, Exceptions When LPM is Not Required for explanation and procedure in emergency situations when a LPM will not be necessary and urgent legal advice and assistance will be sought and given over the phone and via e-mail).
If a social worker is concerned that it may not be possible to safeguard the best interests of the child by working in agreement with the parents/carers and/or if it appears impossible to progress a viable plan for the child without a legal order, the social worker should seek a meeting with their team manager, service manager and any other professional deemed necessary by the team manager in consultation with the social worker. The purpose of this meeting is to discuss whether a legal planning meeting should be convened to consider the risks and decide whether the facts of the case warrant court proceedings.
A parenting assessment must have been conducted prior to meeting with team manager and service manager, using motivational interviewing, HCCs intervention programme and incorporating the views of adult workers.
Prior to meeting with their team manager, the social worker should read, consider and collate the following:
- The Parenting Assessment;
- Minutes of Family Group Conference(s);
- LCS form Legal Planning Meeting Part A;
- Child Protection Plan and minutes of Conferences;
- Any other relevant professional reports;
- Information regarding previous proceedings relating to the child or his/her siblings;
- Any other information regarding the child, his/her siblings, and his/her parents/carers that may be relevant to the permanency planning for the child.
At the above meeting between social worker, team manager and any other professionals deemed appropriate, the following will need to be considered:
- Assessment of parenting capacity;
- Necessity of any further assessments by experts from fields outside of HCCs remit and authorisation for such assessments from head of service;
- If a LPM is deemed necessary, the social worker and team manager will complete the Request for a LPM (CSF4141) and forward the request to a service manager/head of service for authorisation that a LPM meeting should be held.
2. Exceptions When Legal Planning Meeting is Not Required
Emergency Protection Order (EPO)
If the risks to the child or children appear serious enough to warrant an urgent application being made to the court for an Emergency Protection Order (EPO) a social worker should discuss the case with a team manager and then seek urgent assistance over the telephone and by email from the legal helpdesk. Lawyers staffing the legal helpdesk will advise and, if deemed necessary, issue an urgent application to the court for an EPO. Helpdesk will advise what information, evidence and documents are required for the application to be issued and agree timescales for receipt of this information.
If an EPO is then made by a court, there is no need to convene a legal planning meeting as the court has already tested the evidence and made a finding that the legal threshold necessary for a court order has been met. The case will have been allocated to a lawyer and that named lawyer will provide legal advice and assistance to the social work team regarding the necessity of either extending the EPO for a further period of up to 8 days or seeking longer term protection via an application for an Interim Care Order (ICO).
Police Protection lasts a maximum period of 72 hours and so it is imperative that urgent discussions take place with a team manager, and, if necessary, with the legal helpdesk as soon as a social worker is aware that a child or children have been placed under Police Protection so that a decision can be made as to the necessity of making an application for an EPO before the expiry of the Police Protection.
A note of the above discussions and decisions must be documented within the child/young person's records by management.
3. Section 20 Arrangements
Legal Planning Meetings should also be considered in the following instances regarding Section 20 arrangements:
A Legal Planning Meeting, or legal advice by email / phone, may be required in instances where a decision has been made for a child / young person to become subject to S20 and there are safeguarding concerns at a level whereby, in the event of the parent withdrawing S20 consent, a return home would place the child / young person at risk of significant harm. If a Legal Planning Meeting is not held, the decision to not apply for a Care Order should be documented within the child/young person's records by management. Further, this decision should be reviewed regularly to ensure a Legal Planning meeting is still not required. If there are safeguarding concerns then an assessment of those risks must be made and recorded.
In instances where a child / young person subject to S20 would not be at risk of significant harm should S20 consent be withdrawn, a Legal Planning Meeting will be required if a decision has been made at the child's second review for long term fostering. A Legal Planning Meeting is necessary in these circumstances in order to obtain a Care Order so that the local authority can share parental responsibility for the child (e.g. young person who is in care because of family dysfunction / strained relationships). The plan should also be discussed with the child / young person and any person with parental responsibility for him or her, and these discussions must be evidenced in the child / young person's case record.
Legal Planning Meetings are an essential part of the process for dealing with public law children's cases under the Public Law Outline. Sir James Munby, President of the Family Division in 'The Process of Reform: the revised PLO and the Local Authority', states that a properly organised legal planning meeting is invaluable and can be the key to achieving timely outcomes to Care Proceedings. He also recommends that local authority lawyers are involved, advising and assisting their social work clients, at an early stage.
4. Convening and Attendance at Legal Planning Meetings
The social worker will
- Send the LCS Legal Planning Meeting Form to the legal helpdesk in the Child Litigation Unit (CLU) together with all other documents listed in Section 1, When and How should a Legal Planning Meeting (LPM) be Considered (e.g. Parenting Assessment, FGC minutes, CP Plans, minutes of CPCs, referrals, professional reports/assessments etc.);
- Liaise with Service Manager Support Staff for a date for LPM;
- Undertake any actions identified at earlier meeting with team manager and service manager in relation to further or updating assessments;
- Continue with the Child Protection Plan.
The Services Manager will usually chair the meeting and it is essential that the following people attend:
- Team Manager;
- Social Worker;
- A member of the Child Care Litigation Unit;
- Health representative (where appropriate);
- Anyone else who has an active and significant interest in the child's wellbeing.
If a Secure Accommodation Order is to be considered at a LPM, the meeting should be chaired by Head of Service in Safeguarding.
A list of documents needed for Legal Planning Meetings (CSF0143).
5. Legal Planning Meeting – Threshold for Care
Legal Planning Meetings will consider whether the threshold for care proceedings is met.
The threshold criteria, is the legal test Children, Schools & Families must satisfy in order to obtain a Care Order.
Under Section 31(2) of the Children Act 1989 the Court may only make a Care Order (or Supervision Order) if it is satisfied:
- That the child concerned is suffering, or is likely to suffer, Significant Harm; and
- The harm, or likelihood of harm is attributable to:
- The care given to the child, or likely to be given to him if the Order were not made, not being what it would be reasonable to expect a parent to give him; or the child being beyond parental control.
- And will have regard to the welfare checklist:
- The ascertainable wishes and feelings of the child concerned (in light of age and understanding);
- The child's physical, emotional and or education needs;
- The likely effect on the child of any change in his circumstances;
- The child's age, sex, background and any characteristics which the court considers relevant;
- Any harm which he has suffered or is at risk of suffering;
- How capable each of his parents and any other person the court considers relevant, is of meeting the child's needs;
- The range of powers available to the court under the Children Act 1989;
- There will be a focus on how the parent's behaviour is impacting on the child, significant harm and the projected probability and likelihood of change within the child's timescales.
6. Legal Planning Meetings
Social Worker will print off LPM Form (A and B) (CSF0147 or CSF4141) and take to the LPM Meeting and appropriate copies of paperwork being considered. Service Manager will take copies of reports at his/her own discretion.
Service Manager will arrange how part B of LPM Meeting will be completed.
Legal Planning Meetings should usually be a single process, unless a second meeting is required to prevent delay and drift.
The LPM will consider:
- Social Worker's reasons for why LPM is necessary now, comment regarding any other related proceedings;
- CLU information regarding any proceedings within the child's family or extended family within Hertfordshire, or relating to another Local Authority ( as applicable/aware) and what steps are required to obtain papers in relation to the case from the court or another local authority;
- The reasons for the concerns and the evidential basis for establishing Significant Harm and the Threshold for Care Proceedings (see Section 5, Legal Planning Meeting - Threshold for Care). Service Manager and CLU to decide upon this and the threshold for removal of the child whilst in proceedings;
- Why Care Proceedings are necessary - what is their aim, objective and purpose?
- The steps already taken to clarify the issues of concern - i.e. Parenting Assessment, Child and Family Assessment, as well as other medical and other expert involvement, the evidence base for likelihood of change and any further evidence required in respect of this;
- Whether the requirements of the Pre-Proceedings Checklist set out in the Public Law Outline have been met, including a written notification to the parents about the areas of concern and their right to seek legal advice;
- The proposed Care Plan for the child, including the proposed placement and any cultural, language and ethnic issues, the need for a parallel plan, consultation with parents and the wider family, whether any family members are available to care for the child on an interim or permanent basis, if so whether the required checks have been made, the proposals for contact;
- How the proposed Care Plan is to be achieved, including where appropriate arranging a date for the case to be presented to the ADM;
- Whether it may be appropriate to instruct any further expert assessment before the commencement of court proceedings - if so, what are the proposed remit of the instructions and the areas to be addressed, who should the assessment be done by and what are the likely timescales?
- When will the social worker's statement, care plan, court chronology, and genogram be ready?
The second part of the meeting considers Pre-issue matters:
- Checking all papers/assessments are completed and if any assessments are planned post issue of care proceedings who will do these and by when;
- Case is fit for purpose;
- The Letter of Instruction is written. This is essential to prevent drift and delay.
7. Outcome of Legal Planning Meeting, Progression to Public Law Outline, Filing Application, Statement and Care Plan in Care Proceedings
The Service Manager and the CLU representative reach a decision and this is recorded on Part B of the LPM form. CLU representative gives advice based on his/her knowledge of court process and the application of the law, and the Service Manager upon the overall decision as to the outcome on this child/ren.
Any difference of decision is recorded on LPM Part B section CLU advice. CLU will want a signed copy of this.
Any Care Plan that has an element of accommodation requires the Care Plan to be approved by the Herts Access to Resources Panel (see Hertfordshire Access to Resources Panel (H.A.R.P) and Delegated Authority for Resource Agreement Procedure) and if this includes independent provider funding then also by the Head of Service before it is filed with the Court.
If threshold is met see Public Law Outline Procedure, Pre Proceedings with Specific Required Actions.
The issues set out in the Public Law Outline Checklist need to be addressed before the first Court hearing and dates by which any outstanding assessments can be completed must be ascertained.
8. Recording Legal Planning Meetings
All Legal Planning Meetings must be recorded using the LCS Legal Planning Meeting form (CSF0256F3). The recording MUST include reasons for any decisions made.
Please note that in the future the LPM form will be located within LCS.
The LPM records are legally privileged and should not be made available to parents or other parties in any potential proceedings without the permission of the Service Manager/chairperson or Director in consultation with the Assistant Chief Legal Officer (Children & Adults).
Appendix 1: Brief outline of pre LPM and LPM
Please see the Brief Outline of Pre LMP amd LPM located within Appendix 1 of the Hertfordshire Procedural Guidance Document: Legal Planning Meetings – Guidance for Social Workers (July 2017)